Before Canarium Books, there was The Canary, a magazine founded in 2002 and edited by Joshua Edwards, Anthony Robinson, and Nick Twemlow. In 2008, with the assistance of the University of Michigan, Canarium Books was formed with its first publication, Canarium 1. This anthology included poems by Ed Roberson, Arda Collins, Takashi Hiraide, Dunya Mikhail, and a dozen other poets. Canarium's single-author book series began the next year with Union! (Ish Klein) and The Tangled Line (Tod Marshall), and since then they've published The Waste Land and Other Poems (John Beer), The Irrationalist (Suzanne Buffam), Flowers (Paul Killebrew), Moving Day (Ish Klein), We Are Pharaoh (Robert Fernandez), A Fireproof Box (Gleb Shulpyakov, translated from the Russian by Christopher Mattison), Madame X (Darcie Dennigan), The Invention of Glass (Emmanuel Hocquard, translated from the French by Cole Swensen and Rod Smith), I Am Your Slave Now Do What I Say (Anthony Madrid), Great Guns(Farnoosh Fathi), Pink Reef (Robert Fernandez), and Ethical Consciousness (Paul Killebrew). They publish three or four books of poetry each year.